As we reported in our most recent post, Houdini came to Prague only once, in September 1901. He was contracted to perform there by Edward Tichy, the famous director of the Théater Varieté, known today as the Karlín Theatre. The Karlín Theatre is the third oldest Prague theatre building still serving its original purpose, after the Estates Theatre and the National Theatre. The original building was developed by Prague businessman Eduard Tichý from 1880 to 1881 and was designed by German architect Otto Ehlen (1831-1898) in the spirit of late Historicism. The firm of František Kindl constructed the building.
The theatre was opened on August 27, 1881. Eduard Tichý had the intention of renting the building to various travelling troupes and circuses, with the space able to be transformed into a circus ring when needed. The theatre facilities included stables for up to 84 horses. The original auditorium had a capacity of 2,000 people, with viewers having the option of sitting at tables where refreshments were served.
The founder’s oldest son, Karel Tichý, came up with the idea of transforming the building into a permanent variety theatre. The theatre inaugurated a new era on September 5, 1885 when a new repertoire was introduced. After the death of Eduard Tichý in 1891, his sons took over operation of the organization. In 1897 Eduard Tichý Jr. undertook renovation of the theatre according to plans created by Imperial Court architect Friedrich Ohmann (1858-1927). The reconstruction of the original Karlín variety theatre mainly involved the inner spaces of the building. The relatively plain interiors were furnished with rich Neo-Baroque décor.
This is a beautiful postcard showing Theatre Varieté in 1903:
Houdini always wanted to break records, and was keen to make a big name for himself wherever he could. When Eduard Tichý invited him to be the sensational inaugural opening act at the renovated Theatre Varieté, Houdini readily agreed.
Just as in Vienna, Houdini’s debut was publicized in the newspapers, starting on August 31, 1901.
Article from Národní listy, August 31, 1901. Translation of the first few sentences:
„Theatre Variété. After a long pause the elegant rooms of this amusement company will be re-opened today. The opening programme will attract general attention. It consists of several prominent attractions, especially Houdini, the self-liberator from cuffs; Van Loo, the light opera singer from the Theatre Royal of Brussels; a Russian ten-member singing and dancing company of Volkovsky; the American eccentrics Tower and Chayton; the original Negro quartet, the Black Troubadour; dressage of dogs by Cabaret; the virtuoso Alovov on xylophone; the juggler Salerno; the strongman Donalov; and the acrobat sisters Merkl. The event will be promoted by excellent panoramic images made during the visit of the emperor and king in Prague.”
I wonder if any of you out there in the Houdini Galaxy has ever seen a Houdini ad in Czech language… Here is a beautiful piece taken from „Humoristické listy”, September 6, 1901:
Great performance of specialities. Ticket-office opens at 7:00 p.m. Performance starts at 8:00 p.m. A successful and splendid opening programme.
Harry Houdini, called king of breakers. Last and the biggest American attraction. Van Loo, the light opera diva from the theatre Royal of Brussells, also Salerno, the best and biggest juggler.
The Black Troubadour, performance of four vocals as well as the performance of all art staff. Kosmograf, system Messler, living photos. Tomorrow a great performance. Closer notice.
Advance sale in our own shop in Bazar n.27 (Big Bazaar) daily from 8:00 in the morning to 8:00 in the evening. Connection by tramway is possible in all directions after the performance.”
Houdini was in Prague for a week, performing between September 8th and 15 th. He admittedly broke no records, and this is probably why he never ever returned.
From the German language Prager Tagblatt comes the following announcement of the last day of his performance. It reads: „Today features the final performances of attractions such as Houdini, the juggler Salerno, Van Loo, etc.”
(15 September, 1901)
Houdini’s next contract in Eastern-Europe finally led him to Vienna.
But that is another story.
(I appreciate the help of Ms. Jitka Pejsová, who helped me in providing these wonderful articles and their translation from Czech to English.)
Our next post will be a little detour: we introduce Joseph Velle, an internationally known Hungarian magician, whose life remained a secret until now…